Just like we humans, the soil needs proper nutrients to grow healthy. The selection of nutrient-rich soil is quite essential for fostering the growth of your bonsai tree.
There are many online shops or even shops in the market that sell ready-mix soils as per your convenience. You can also make a soil-mixture yourself. It will save your money and also enable you to make customized bonsai soil per-tree species.
It is important to use good quality soil for your tree to maintain good health. A poor soil mixture can make your tree unhealthy. You need to be specific in choosing correct soil to cater to your bonsai with proper care. Normally, the ordinary garden soils are unfit for your bonsai species. Do not use these soils as they get dry and hardens and are very harmful to the tree.
Bonsai Soil Substrates
You should consider the following qualities while preparing a soil mixture.
Make sure the soil does not lack good drainage. It must be able to drain excess water from the pot immediately. Excessive watering to your bonsai trees can prove disastrous for the roots of your precious tree. As it can leave the bonsai roots rotten.
The soil must hold enough amount of water to keep the tree moisturized. Sufficient water retention is necessary. As it would not let the soil dry completely.
Make sure the particles of soil mixtures are neither too small, nor too big. Always remember to choose adept soil mixture with an adept particle size to nourish the health of bonsai roots. They should allow air pockets between them. Moreover, its composition should be enriched with the goodness of symbiotic bacteria which will augment the root strengthening process of bonsai species.
The pH value should be in the 6.5 to 7.5 range. There are many pH testing kits available in the market.
Bonsai Soil Components
There are many components to be included in your soil mixture. The most common ones are Akadama, Lava rock, fine gravel, and Pumice.
However, the soil composition and vitality of the essential nutrients may vary from place to place. Moreover, it is important to remember that every bonsai species has it’s own demand to thrive well.
Points to remember while choosing the correct soil for bonsai growth
- The pivotal properties of a good soil mixture for the bonsai tree envelopes excellent water retention abilities. An adequate water retention property of the soil keeps the leaves and roots of your tree hydrated. This supplements moisture content to the bonsai plants.
- Apart from water retention properties soil particles should be perforated for providing a drainage mechanism to the trees. The soil with proper draining capacity will not withstand excessive water which can deteriorate the tree’s health. Lack of aeration can lead to a deficiency of vital salts which are necessary for bonsai growth.
Additions To Your Bonsai Soil Mixture
Apart from the materials already discussed, there are many additions that you can make to your soil. It is completely your choice to mix them or not. These additions are activated charcoal, peat mass, kanuma, lime and bone meal.
It is your personal preference to select the components of your bonsai soil mixture. Do remember to keep the quality of the soil good for the health of your tree.