Bonsai Tools and Their Purpose

A vase of flowers sitting on a bench next to a tree

Are you a beginner Bonsai artist? Are you searching for the tools for your starter Bonsai tool kit? Do you know how a beginner tool kit differs from the professional one? Are you curious to know what tools and accessories are crucial for a professional Bonsai toolkit? In this post, you will find a list of Bonsai tools explained – you will learn all about Bonsai tools and supplies, including beginner and advanced tools for Bonsai, what they are for, and how and when to use them.

The most commonly used Bonsai tools are pruners, branch cutters, root cutters, wire cutters, pliers, and Bonsai scissors. The specialist Bonsai tools include a pruning saw, tweezers, brush, mesh, grafting knives, scalpel, and rotary power carving tool.

Basic Bonsai tools and their purpose – explained

A vase of flowers on a tree

Bonsai Scissors

A vase of flowers sitting on a bench in front of a building

There are 2 types of scissors for Bonsai. Sturdy Scissors are long-handled and easy to grip. These are used for cutting thick and fibrous roots. Small pruning scissors like these ones have large handles, ideal to trim finer twigs and smaller branches. You can cut the shoots, fine roots and tiny branches more forcefully due to the perfect holding place of these scissors. Make sure to use only sharp scissors for neat cuts. Alternatively, you can use a sharp surgical scissors.

Root cutters

The next cuttings tools for Bonsai are root cutters. Those are an advanced form of branch cutters and both look almost similar. It is used for cutting hard soil-covered roots while repotting. Plus, it can be used as a concave branch cutter.

Leaf pruners

Those are also known as “pruning shears for buds and leaves.” The leaf pruner has a very sharp blade and pointed tips. It is ideal for pruning dense foliage, such as in Maple trees. Besides, it is also used for cutting twigs, shoots, and leaf stalks.

Pruning shears

These are also known as “secateurs” (in British English) and “hand pruners” in American English. These are required for pruning thick branches with dense foliage. Cutting around the corners of thick branches is hard using “Anvil or bypass type secateurs”. So, avoid using them. Use shears that have small jaws and neat cutters. You must take care of the following points while using these shears. Avoid holding handles of pruners sideways while pruning.

Also, don’t try to bend or twist pruners while pruning, as it may damage the branch and blades.

Wire Cutters

Aluminum and copper wires are used for shaping and training Bonsai. Wire cutters or scissors are used to cut these wires. Wire scissors are also used to cut the wires of smaller tasks. These small scissors are handy for trimming the wire ends while wiring secondary branches. Normally, 2 types of wire cutters are used. So, select a cutter according to the size of the wire. General wire cutter is used for cutting aluminum wires. It is ideal to cut the wire even in tight spots. A heavy-duty wire cutter is used for cutting copper wires. It is also used for cutting the wire of thicker gauges.

Branch Cutters

Normally, 3 types of branch cutters are available. Branch cutters in general are for cutting thinner pencil thickness branches, mostly on deciduous trees and thinner conifers. Concave branch cutters have a curved cutting edge. They are used to trim branch stubs on the trunk, closer to the trunk. Also, can be used for peeling wood that needs to be removed. A flat branch cutter has a flat edge. It has the same function as that of pruners. It is used to neatly cut branches that are closer to the trunk. An example would be a cutter like this. A hybrid branch cutter performs the function of both concave and flat cutter. But they can be a bit difficult to use. However, you can get used to them with some practice!

These are some basic Bonsai tools.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter