Tips For Wireming Your Bonsai Tree

bonsai wire

Bonsai wire comes in different thicknesses and gauges, just like wood. They are also available in different colors depending on what plant they were used for. These are the most important part of your starter bonsai, since they will control the shape, health, and overall look of your plant. When it comes to Bonsai wire, there are two main types: coated steel wire, or braided copper wire, and natural braided copper wire.

Coated Steel Wire

A man walking on the side of a mountain

This wire is commonly referred to as ‘Bonsai Green Wire’. It is composed of a hard metal alloy that is used to coat each and every wire that you put in your tree. The great thing about having a wire coated with metal is that it will resist corrosion, rusting, and will not deteriorate over time. This means that you do not have to worry about your bonsai wires degrading over time, or losing their color or flexibility. The only issue with coated wire is that it will leave wire marks on the branches of your tree, which can be very aesthetically unappealing.

This is the most aesthetically appealing wire to most people, because it looks very natural. The most popular wire grades that are used for bonsai are braided, and come in a variety of natural looking colors. They will make your trees look much more natural, and will also help them to resist decay and insects, and to retain their shape. The only issue is that some branches of large trees can become quite thick, and can cause damage to your trees when cutting them.

Braided Wire

A tree in a forest

Wires are typically run along a stem, but some varieties can be run around the base of the plant. If you choose to use this type of wiring on your bonsai, make sure that you bend the wire where you intend to place it. It is much easier to run a wire around the branches of your tree, but if you bend it in the middle of the trunk, you can create a bend in the wiring, which can cut off branches that are growing towards the wires, or can cause damage to the trunk when it bends in the wrong direction. Make sure to try and keep the shape of the branch that you are removing as natural looking as possible, while still maintaining the intended purpose of the wire. In many cases, you can bend the wire without damaging the tree, by simply running it around the branches, and around the base of the plant. If you have a tree that is particularly thick, you may want to bend the wire around a few times, to ensure that the tree is not damaged.

Copper Wires

These are the thinnest wires available. They are best suited for small bonsai trees, and will require an extra effort to maintain their form. They look good when the branch is bent back on itself, however you need to be careful when using copper wire, as the thinner the branch gets, the more prone it is to snapping when bent. Copper has a tendency to get bent in the wind, and is therefore best left on the side.

Bottom Line

In order to achieve the desired shape and appearance of your bonsai, you’ll need to be patient and practice patience. Don’t expect to get perfect results instantly, and don’t be discouraged if the first few attempts don’t work. Branching and shaping is part of the learning process of bonsai. You’ll eventually get it, and your bonsai will reward you with outstanding foliage and flowers. Just remember to wire your bonsai, and follow these tips for keeping your tree healthy, and with a beautiful shape.

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